Federal White Collar Crimes
Whether a person is charged in federal or state court when accused of committing a white collar crime depends on a series of factors, including the specific statutes that were allegedly violated and where the crime occurred. In some cases, a person can even be charged with violating both state and federal law for the same offense. White collar crimes are punishable by significant jail time and expensive fines under both Florida and federal law, so if you are being investigated for committing a white collar crime, it is critical to speak with an experienced white collar crime attorney who may be able to help get your charges reduced or even dismissed.
Types of Federal White Collar Crime
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) investigates a wide range of white collar crimes, including the following:
- Public corruption;
- Money laundering;
- Corporate fraud;
- Securities and commodities fraud;
- Mortgage fraud;
- Financial institution fraud;
- Bank fraud;
- Mail and wire fraud;
- Defrauding the government;
- Health care fraud; and
- Mass marketing fraud.
Most of these types of white collar crimes are also unlawful under state law. However, some crimes are more likely to be investigated by federal agencies and charged in federal court, including when:
- The alleged activity in question violated a federal statute;
- The offense involved defrauding the government;
- The offense involved an especially large monetary loss or multiple victims;
- The subject matter is particularly complex or involves issues requiring investigative expertise;
- The offense involved organized crime activities that are regional or national in scope; and
- The crime affected interstate commerce
Federal investigations into white collar crimes tend to be particularly intensive because multiple federal agencies work together, including:
- The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC);
- The Internal Revenue Service (IRS);
- The U.S. Postal Inspection Service (USPIS);
- The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC); and
- The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN).
Because they have so many resources at their disposal, these agencies are most often involved in investigating and prosecuting large scale cases that involve a significant monetary loss or multiple alleged victims.
Those who are convicted of committing a white collar crime in federal court face serious penalties. For instance, a defendant convicted of defrauding the government could be forced to pay fines of up to $1,000,000 and spend up to ten years in prison. Furthermore, having a criminal record can make it much more difficult to secure employment, find housing, or take advantage of educational opportunities. The media coverage involved with many prosecutions can also result in a significant amount of damage to a person’s reputation, especially for those who own large companies.
Call us Today to Speak With an Experienced White Collar Crime Attorney
Please call Jeffrey S. Weiner, P.A., Criminal Defense Attorneys at 305-670-9919 if you are being investigated for or have been charged with committing a white collar crime in Florida. Having an experienced and dedicated attorney on your side can make all the difference in the outcome of a case, especially for those who are facing charges in federal court.